Hip Dysplasia as an Adult: Tips Following Surgical Treatment
I was diagnosed with congenital hip dysplasia immediately after birth.
My clicky hips were treated with the 1980s version of the Pavlik harness, triple cloth diapers. As a child, I was a masterful toe-walker and contortionist that enjoyed w-sitting, doing the splits and dancing on my toes. These “skills” along with my keen ability to push through pain, served me well throughout my championship Irish dancing career and into my young adult hobby, long distance running.
Pushing Through The Hip Pain
I never sought out a diagnosis to explain lower extremity, hip and back pain in adulthood. I was scared to know what was wrong and didn’t want someone to tell me to stop sports. So I ignored the symptoms and rationalized that high impact sports and “getting older” were supposed to hurt.
I first met Dr. Whitlock in March of 2015 to screen my infant daughter for hip dysplasia. Coming into this world she had three of the five hip dysplasia risk factors – female, a breech presentation and positive family history including her aunt, multiple great aunts and me. Dr. Whitlock ordered ultrasounds, x-rays and performed hip exams at several points during her first year.
Fortunately, she never required treatment. During one of those visits, I mentioned that my hips hurt and that they were impacting my ability to fulfill my role as full-time working mother and wife. My normal was taking daily NSAIDs, sitting on the sidelines and sleeping with ice packs to manage my hip, low back and nerve pain. He explained that hip pain at my age was not normal and encouraged me to schedule an appointment because “the longer you wait, the fewer options you will have.”
A Re-Diagnosis of Bilateral Hip Dysplasia
After I got over the phenomenon of being an adult patient in a children’s hospital, I heeded his advice. At the age of 32, he re-diagnosed me with bilateral hip dysplasia. Many adults with hip dysplasia see multiple doctors and wait years in pain for an accurate diagnosis.
I was lucky to have a daughter that lead me directly to the right doctor at the right time. A doctor that knew the source of my pain and could fix it. She was breech for a reason! After six weeks of physical therapy which exacerbated the symptoms, he recommended that I consider surgical treatment.
Periacetabular Osteotomy to Reduce Pain and Joint Deterioration
A periacetabular osteotomy (PAO) was recommended as a treatment option to address the structural abnormality. A PAO is a big surgery with a significant recovery time of six months to a year. Multiple bones in the pelvis are fractured to allow the shallow socket to be detached and repositioned to better cover the femoral head.
It does not cure dysplasia. The intent of the surgery is to provide better stability to the joint, thereby, slowing the rate of joint deterioration and reducing pain. After I received a second opinion, I decided to proceed with a bilateral PAO at Cincinnati Children’s to save my hips.
The surgeries were in November 2015 (left) and May 2016 (right). They were six months apart to allow for ambulation and recovery. I’m going to be transparent. The surgeries were painful and the recoveries were grueling. They were the hardest thing I’ve done in my life — and I’ve had two kids.
I was on crutches for 6-10 weeks and in physical therapy for over a year. The care from Dr. Whitlock and the rest of the Hip Preservation team was phenomenal. Their knowledge and support gave me the confidence and hope to persevere through a difficult year of surgery and rehab. I am now two years post op from my first PAO. Drawing from my personal experience, below is the advice that I can offer to future and current PAO warriors:
Advice for Other Adults Facing a Periacetabular Osteotomy
1. Set Realistic Expectations
Get on the same page with your doctor. Life is all about expectations. If they’re unreasonable, you’re setting yourself up for disappointment. A realistic outcome for me was to get through my day without debilitating pain. NOT achieving marathon personal records.
2. Be Kind to and Patient with Yourself
Things will get worse before they get better and they will get better. This process is grueling and recovery is not linear. It helped me to keep a list of my accomplishments: putting my shoes on, sleeping on my stomach, walking without assistance, etc. On tough days, I could read it and be reminded that I was moving in the right direction.
3. Listen to Your Body
Don’t push through pain and, if you’re tired, rest. Your recovery will be impacted if you don’t respect your body’s signals. Being a doer and a pusher, I had to learn this lesson the hard way. I gave myself a nasty case of hip flexor tendonitis and my incision took ages to heal. Don’t be like me, downshift before you are forced to slow down.
4. PT is the Key to Get the Outcome You Desire
Open communication and compliance are essential to success. If you choose to have this surgery, you must commit to make PT a priority for at least 6 months. It’s hard to find a PT with PAO experience, so seek one out that is open to learning and ongoing communication. I was in the gym five days a week. I studied hip and spine anatomy in my spare time to become more in tune with my body. This helped me clearly communicate my areas of weakness and pain. I’m confident this extra homework helped my PT tailor a plan to effectively address years muscle dysfunction.
5. Rally and Accept Support From Friends and Family
You will need help! I would not have been able to go through with these surgeries without the assistance of family and friends. Everyone in my family has pitched in, from watching my kids to giving me blood thinner injections, to cooking meals and everything between. Additionally, I found so much value in having a PAO buddy. I was blessed to find a local gal with hip dysplasia through a mutual friend. We had our bilateral PAOs done around the same time. It was so important for us to have another person in our life that GOT IT. She is my silver lining.
Throughout diagnosis, treatment and recovery, I have felt supported, listened to and cared for by the Hip Preservation team. They have gone above and beyond to get me well and continue to do so. My left-side is much improved and my complex right side is a work in progress. I’m not where I want to be yet, but I’m confident that I will have an excellent outcome because my care team will not give up until I’ve gotten it.